Saturday, April 12, 2008

No choice - we've to change federal gov't now

"r r" alternatif2007@yahoo.com

LJ Wong | Apr 11, 08 4:14pm

Under normal circumstances, it is immoral and unacceptable for the rakyat to accept party- hopping. But the turn of events lately shows that the present Umno leadership has not changed. They have just temporarily suspended their hegemony due to their internal problems.


Post-March 8 events such as the proposed Syariah court extension of khalwat punishments for non-Muslims, immigration ban on Indian temple priests and craftsmen, the refusal of release of 5 innocent ISA Hindraf detainees, Azalina’s withdrawal of tourism MOUs and state tourism funding are some of the examples that Umno has no intention of changing of their old ways.


Based on these recent developments and for the greater good of the rakyat, we should accept genuine party-hopping from BN to PR for the following reasons:


1. Recent events have shown that the federal BN government intends to frustrate the efforts of the new state government in the five states through all means – bias reporting in all the mainstream media, diversion of federal funds, baseless fault-finding, accusation of sedition on open tenders, etc. The opposition-led states cannot function freely and realise their full potential if the federal government is bent on frustrating their efforts.


If the federal government is not changed now, there isn’t going to be much progress in the next five years. The rakyat is going to be in a stalemate until the next election.


2. We have seen attempts of withholding state funding starting with tourism projects. We can be very certain that this will extend to other divisions and other projects. The example in Terengganu has clearly shown that the BN government cannot be trusted with the rakyat’s monies. The wang ehsan in Terengganu was virtually swiped away by a few Umno cronies.


Even more billions of ringgit will be involved this time. What is there to stop the wang ehsan of the five states from being squandered away by the BN cronies especially when some have come to realise this time it may be their last opportunities?


3. Disbursing federal funds to a parallel body only results in unnecessary duplication of efforts and monies as shown previously in Sabah, Sarawak and Kelantan. You can see for yourself how so much monies are wasted on the salaries paid to JKKK, the BN crony village headmen, duplicate tourism agencies, etc. If these are stopped now, the savings over the next five years will amount to billions for the rakyat.


4. There’s still time to frustrate or stop corruption-gained monies from flowing to Umno and their cronies on recent projects. We have already heard in the news of massive and major land scams in Selangor, Penang, Perak and Kedah, the Port Klang Free Zone debacle ($4.6 billion), the Putrajaya government staff 1uarters (RM5.8billion) and many, many more in the pipeline.


There may still be time to salvage, maybe not all, but part of the corruption-gained monies if the federal government changes hand now.


5. There are many MPs in the present BN fold that do not subscribe to the ideology of the present regime. These are the forward and independent- thinking MPs. But they are shackled by the present BN administration in all ways in presenting their thoughts and ideas in Parliament.


In principle, these MPs are more likely to flourish and be more useful to their rakyat if they were to be in PR. So what’s wrong if they were to defect to PR where they can be more effective for those people who elected them?


6. Umno has merely suspended its hegemony for the time being because of its own internal strifes. You can bet your last ringgit that when it regains its concentration, their strength will increase many fold and they will be even more powerful in thwarting the new state governments in the five states.


They will spare no efforts in rolling back the New Dawn. The small window of opportunity to strike at Umno is only now when they are in the state of shock, denial and disorganised. It’s now or never.


Party hopping is immoral. But the rakyat has no choice if it wants to save billions and get on with progress. It’s a no brainier that the federal government must be changed- not five years down the road but now.





Source: Malaysiakini

*****.*****

Daripada Abu Umarah iaitu al-Bara' bin 'Azib radhiallahu anhuma, katanya: "Kita semua diperintah oleh Rasulullah s.a.w. untuk melakukan tujuh perkara, iaitu meninjau orang sakit, mengikuti janazah, menentasymitkan orang yang bersin, menolong orang yang lemah, membantu orang yang teraniaya, meratakan salam dan melaksanakan sumpah."

(Muttafaq 'alaih)

ISA - Tak bolehkan kita istiqamah doa minujat dan solat hajat?

Tarikh : Saturday, April 12 @ 07:47:09 MYT
Topik : Artikel


Oleh Ulit_mayang

Ulit_mayang@ yahoo.com

 Tak perlu lah saya panjang2 kan lagi apa itu ISA, Cuma cukuplah untuk kita kutuk keterlaluan kepada UMNO/BN akan hal dan isu ini. Harus kita akur dengan nya. Ini lah sebahagian dari kekuatan UMNO/BN dalam menghadapi rakyat terbanyak.

Cuma hati sangat tersentuh dengan artikel “GMI kesal tempoh tahanan ISA dilanjutkan 8 tahun “Tiada lebih memeritkan bagi mangsa ISA dan keluarga masing-masing apabila tempoh penahanan mereka dilanjutkan dua tahun lagi, selepas enam tahun dikurung tanpa bicara.

Menurut Pengerusi Gerakan Mansuhkan ISA (GMI), Syed Ibrahim Syed Noh, awal tahun ini seramai lima lagi tahanan ISA dilanjutkan tempoh tahanan. Mereka adalah Yazid Sufaat, Suhaimi Mokhtar, Shahrial Sirin, Dr Abdullah Daud dan Abdullah Minyak Silam… Isteri Abdullah, Siti Norma, hanya mampu melahirkan rasa kesal terhadap sikap Perdana Menteri, Dato' Seri Abdullah Ahmad Badawi yang tidak mengendahkan tuntutan tahanan dan keluarga mereka. ….dan berita tahanan ISA dilanjutkan tahanan masuk tahun ke-8 , apa hal dan apa tak kena nya dengan ISA ini ?

Apa yang kita kita buat dan lakukan ? sudah jenuh , tapi mungkin masih tidak putus harap. Sudah kering air mata isteri dan anak – anak mangsanya. Apa lagi yang mampu kita ikhtiarkan ?

Kutukan , cemuhan , amaran , demostrasi , memorandum , rayuan , mesyuarat , bengkel ….dan apa lagi , dan lagi , dan lagi………sudah kita ikhtiarkan , nak buat macam mana lagi untuk melembutkan hati pemimpin - pemimpin UMNO/BN ?

Nak kita aturkan 1,000,000 juta perhimpunan di Kem Kemunting , Taiping ? atau di Kuala Lumpur ? , belum tentu kerajaan UMNO/BN akan tunduk.

So, apa lagi ???

Tak tau lah , kadang – kadang saya terfikir , adakah dibolehkan oleh islam , sekiranya kita menganjurkan majlis doa , munajat dan sembahyang hajat dan qiamulail , secara berkala ,sehingga akta ini dimasuhkan dan semua tahanan dibebaskan ?

Kita persembahkan kepada Tuhan , macam peristiwa munajat Habil dan Qabil , mungkin dengan cara ini pemimpin UMNO/BN akan insaf , lembut hati dan menerima desakan ramai. Kita syorkan kepada pimpinan tertinggi PR PAS dan PKR , alim ulamak supaya majlis doa , munajat dan sembahyang hajat dan qiamulail diinstitusikan. Bukankah telah jelas DOA ITU SENJATA BAGI ORANG MUKMIN, nah kenapa tidak kita maksimakan penggunaannya ? lakukan secara berjemaah , beramai – ramai dan secara terbuka …………

Apakata kalau kita tadbirkan majlis DOA MUNAJAT DAN SEMBAHYANG HAJAT serta QIAMULAILAL , secara berkala , tetap dan terurus di kesemua kelima – lima negeri yang telah diperintah oleh Pakatan Rakyat ? kita akan bergerak dari stadium ke stadium , kumpulkan kekuatan doa dan munajat di stadium Batu Kawan , Penang ; Stadium Darul Aman , Kedah ; Stadium Indera Mulia, Ipoh ; Stadium Shah Alam , Selangor dan Sadium Sultan Mohamad Ke – IV , Kota Bharu , Kelantan dan semua markas – markas utama PAS dan PKR di seluruh Negara. Apakata kita mulakan dari sekarang ? tak perlulah kita bertangguh – tangguh lagi lagi. Apakata kita ajukan cadangan ini kepada pimpinan – pimpinan utama PAS dan PKR [ DAP mungkin boleh adakan program mengikut kehendak agama masing – masing di gereja dan /atau kuil ]




*****.*****

Daripada Abu Umarah iaitu al-Bara' bin 'Azib radhiallahu anhuma, katanya: "Kita semua diperintah oleh Rasulullah s.a.w. untuk melakukan tujuh perkara, iaitu meninjau orang sakit, mengikuti janazah, menentasymitkan orang yang bersin, menolong orang yang lemah, membantu orang yang teraniaya, meratakan salam dan melaksanakan sumpah."

(Muttafaq 'alaih)

Black 14 tak perlu permit: Kelab Sultan Sulaiman kawasan persendirian, MB S'

Black 14 tak perlu permit: Kelab Sultan Sulaiman kawasan persendirian, MB S'
Posted on Friday, April 11 @ 21:07:11 MYT by greenboc
Artikel Oleh Bernama

aProgram sambutan "Black 14" anjuran Parti Keadilan Rakyat (PKR) di Kelab Sultan Sulaiman, Kampung Baru, Isnin ini adalah sempena pembebasan penasihat parti itu Datuk Seri Anwar Ibrahim daripada sekatan undang-undang untuk memegang jawatan dan aktif dalam politik, kata Naib Presiden PKR Azmin Mohd Ali.

Beliau berkata Anwar akan menyampaikan ucapan pada malam itu dan dijangka tidak kurang daripada 5,000 anggota dan beberapa pemimpin tertinggi parti akan hadir.

"Pada 15 April (Selasa) ini secara rasminya Datuk Seri (Anwar) akan dapat bergiat semula secara aktif dalam arena politik selepas tidak dibenarkan aktif dalam politik, selepas dibebaskan dari penjara," katanya kepada pemberita di Ibu Pejabat PKR di sini, Khamis.


Beliau berkata program itu bertujuan membolehkan masyarakat memahami bahawa perjuangan PKR adalah semata-mata untuk membawa perubahan dan kesejahteraan kepada semua masyarakat.


Mengenai permit bagi program itu, Azmin berkata ia tidak perlu kerana Kelab Sultan Sulaiman adalah kelab persendirian dan bukannya tempat awam.


"Lagipun presiden kelab ini adalah Menteri Besar Selangor (Tan Sri Abdul Khalid Ibrahim yang juga Setiausaha Agung PKR) sendiri dan PKR telah minta izin daripadanya, " katanya




*****.*****

Daripada Abu Umarah iaitu al-Bara' bin 'Azib radhiallahu anhuma, katanya: "Kita semua diperintah oleh Rasulullah s.a.w. untuk melakukan tujuh perkara, iaitu meninjau orang sakit, mengikuti janazah, menentasymitkan orang yang bersin, menolong orang yang lemah, membantu orang yang teraniaya, meratakan salam dan melaksanakan sumpah."

(Muttafaq 'alaih)

Two million Muslims now live in Britain and 10,000 are millionaires

FaTeMa@

Two million Muslims now live in Britain and 10,000 are millionaires

April 7, 2008

The Muslim population in the United Kingdom may now number as many as 2 million, the home secretary, Jacqui Smith, disclosed yesterday during an official visit to Pakistan.


The last published official estimate of the size of the Muslim community in Britain was 1.6 million, based on the findings of the 2001 census. The updated Whitehall estimate confirms the position of Islam as the second largest faith community after Christianity, and means that Muslims now make up 3.3% of the UK population.


The 400,000 increase in the size of the Muslim community in less than seven years demonstrates its position as the fastest growing faith community in Britain, and also reflects the age structure of the community, with more than one-third under the age of 16 at the time of the 2001 census. Outside London, Pakistani Muslims make up more than 43% of the community, with Bangladeshis accounting for 17%, and those from India at 9%. In London, the Muslim community is more evenly split between Pakistani and Bangladeshi Muslims.


Smith, who was making a speech in Islamabad which highlighted Anglo-Pakistani counter-terrorist cooperation, stressed the Muslim contribution to British society. She quoted a new estimate of 10,000 Muslim millionaires in Britain and an overall community contribution of £31bn a year to the economy. Smith is the first British minister to visit Pakistan since the assassination of Benazir Bhutto and the elections in February and is holding ministerial meetings on counter-terrorism and immigration.


The home secretary acknowledged in her speech that there are four Pakistani Muslim MPs in the Commons, including two ministers, and more than 200 local councillors throughout the UK.


Smith said that "there is nothing Islamic about terrorism" and urged the majority Muslim communities in Britain and Pakistan to challenge the advocates of violent extremism and protect those most at risk of recruitment to their cause.


"We also need to support the institutions where these individuals operate, making them aware of and more resilient to the apologists for violent extremism. In my country that includes parts of our education system, our prisons, our youth clubs, and our community centres," she said in a speech to Pakistan's National Council of the Arts.


"We also want to ensure our universities provide high-quality learning about faith and Islam and to establish the UK as a centre of excellence outside the Islamic world for Islamic studies."


She highlighted the role of a Foreign Office programme which is designed to remove misconceptions about what it means to be a British Muslim. This programme, which has been running since 2005, creates opportunities for British Muslims to travel from the UK to Pakistan and elsewhere in the Islamic world to talk about Islam in modern Britain.


http://muslims- news.blogspot. com/2008/ 04/two-million- muslims-now- live-in-britain. html

*****.*****

Daripada Abu Umarah iaitu al-Bara' bin 'Azib radhiallahu anhuma, katanya: "Kita semua diperintah oleh Rasulullah s.a.w. untuk melakukan tujuh perkara, iaitu meninjau orang sakit, mengikuti janazah, menentasymitkan orang yang bersin, menolong orang yang lemah, membantu orang yang teraniaya, meratakan salam dan melaksanakan sumpah."

(Muttafaq 'alaih)

Eksklusif: Angkatan Muda PKR adakan pertemuan dengan Presiden Turki

"umar faruqi" faruqi03@yahoo.com

Eksklusif: Angkatan Muda PKR adakan pertemuan dengan Presiden Turki Cetak E-mail
Oleh Mohamad Mukhreez
Jumaat, 11 April 2008


ANGKATAN Muda Parti Keadilan Rakyat hari ini akan mengadakan pertemuan dengan Perdana Menteri Turki Erdogan kata ketuanya Shamsul Iskandar Mohamad Akin kepada KLpos.com.

Menurut Shamsul, selain Perdana Menteri Turki tersebut, rombongan Angkatan Muda juga mengadakan pertemuan dengan Pemuda Parti Keadilan dan Pembangunan pimpinan Erdogan yang kini memerintah Turki.

Jelasnya lagi, perbincangan akan menjurus kepada perkembangan politk terkini di Malaysia pasca PRU 12 dan juga perkembangan mengenai kemelut politik yang dihadapi oleh Ak Party yang sedang berhadapan dengan tindakan mahkamah perlembagaan untuk mengharamkan Parti Keadilan dan Pembangunan.

"Pada pagi Sabtu perbincangan dengan Ketua Pemuda, Hakan Tutuncu akan berlangsung. AMK akan mengkhususkan perbincangan kepada suatu inisiatif untuk mewujudkan beberapa siri latihan mengenai politik dan pemahaman demokrasi di antara sayap pemuda kedua-dua parti supaya hubungan silaturrahim yang terjalin akan lebih bermanfaat," katanya.

Turut serta dalam rombongan ke Turki tersebut adalam Timbalan Ketua AMK Faris Musa dan Pengerusi Biro Antarabangsa AMK Yusmadi Yusuf.

Selain Angkatan Muda PKR terdapat lebih 64 organisasi pemuda seluruh dunia dijemput menghadiri Kongres tersebut.

Sementara itu, mengulas mengenai perhimpunan Black 14 di Kuala Lumpur pada 14 April ini, Shamsul berkata, telah mengarahkan Angkatan Muda memperhebatkan mobilisasi rakyat menyambut Black 14.

"Sebelum saya berangkat ke Ankara, satu mesyuarat telah diadakan khusus untuk tujuan mobilisasi yang dipengerusikan oleh Naib Ketua AMK, Khairul Anuar.

"Sepanjang beberapa hari di sini, saya lihat sambutan masyarakat antarabangsa khususnya generasi muda terhadap Dato Seri Anwar Ibrahim PKR begitu baik dan mereka memang mengharapkan agar kita berjaya menjadi kerajaan Malaysia.

"Justeru, jumlah kehadiran rakyat yang besar di dalam program Black 14 ini amat besar maknanya.

"Saya menyeru kepada semua anak muda Malaysia agar dapat bersama-sama mengembalikan kegemilangan Gerakan Reformasi yang dipimpin satu dekad yang lalu oleh kita, anak muda Malaysia."katanya.


*****.*****

Daripada Abu Umarah iaitu al-Bara' bin 'Azib radhiallahu anhuma, katanya: "Kita semua diperintah oleh Rasulullah s.a.w. untuk melakukan tujuh perkara, iaitu meninjau orang sakit, mengikuti janazah, menentasymitkan orang yang bersin, menolong orang yang lemah, membantu orang yang teraniaya, meratakan salam dan melaksanakan sumpah."

(Muttafaq 'alaih)

Sambutan Black 14 cuba digagalkan.. .

(Pimpinan PR, PAStikan Rakyat DAPat KeAdilan!)
(Rakyat, Teruskan Lonjakkan Minda!)


badrul hisham shaharin wrote:

Friday, April 11, 2008

Sambutan Black 14 cuba digagalkan.. .

Makin ramai yang panik !!! 11.13 malam ketika membuka email badrul_angkatanmuda @yahoo.com kelihatan singgah email dari seorang yang menggunakan nickname 'kadet pencen' dia telah 'foward' email yang beliau perolehi dari yahoogroup [dunia-politik] . Email dari lonelyladies <lonelyladies@ yahoo.com> menyatakan kononya

Berita terbaru, Perhimpunan Black 14 akan ditangguhkan sehingga diberitahu kerana Dato Seri Anwar Ibrahim mempunyai jadual yang padat sepanjang minggu depan. Menurut Angkatan Muda Keadilan (AMK) tarikh baru bagi perhimpunan tersebut akan dimaklumkan kemudian. Bagi pihak Dato Seri Anwar, beliau memohon maaf diatas kelewatan memaklumkan penangguhan perhimpunan tersebut dan segala kesulitan amat dikesali. Setiap maklumat terkini akan diumukan secepat mungkin bagi merialisasikan Perhimpunan Black14 ini.

itu adalah antara usaha 'sengal' mereka - mereka yang dalam ketakutan.

Himpunan Rakyat telah dirancang secara teliti dan baik sekali. Petang tadi mesyuarat jawatankuasa penganjur telah berlansung di Kelab Sultan Sulaiman sendiri dengan dipengerusikan oleh YB Azmin Ali, dihadiri Dato' Salehuddin Hashim (Timbalan Pengarah Program merangkap S/U Agong keADILan), Tenku Maraziyah (bendahari keADILan), Kak Ann (Naib Wanita Pusat),wakil AMK Pusat, wakil AMK W.Persekutuan, wakil AMK Selangor, Zaki Yamani (Setiausaha AMK) dan beberapa teman aktivis reformasi, wakil kelab sendiri selain cheGuBard sendiri.

Banyak diperbincangkan secara serius. Harap semua berjalan licin dan meriah.

Parti juga telah mewajibkan semua ahli parlimen dan ADUN serta pimpinan pusat keADILan untuk hadir malam tersebut. Selain Anwar dan Kak Wan yang pasti hadir, Menteri Besar Selangor dan Timbalan Ketua Menteri P.Pinang juga telah mengesahkan kehadiran.

Arahan kepada peniaga, tempat perniagaan tersedia adalah amat terhad.... sila berhubung dengan penganjur untuk memastikan tempat.

Himpunan sambutan rakyat meraikan pembebasan dan kembalinya Anwar Ibrahim ke persada politik secara sah tanpa sekatan undang undang amat dinantikan. Perhimpunan akan diteruskan seperti yang telah diumumkan, sebarang usaha pengumuman batal ialah usaha jahat yang cuba mensabotaj

Kepada yang datang secara berkumpulan digalakkan membawa banner masej pertubuhan dan kumpulan saudara meraikan peristiwa bersejarah tersebut.

Bagaimana nak pergi ke Kelab Sultan Sulaiman

Ramai yang telefon, sms atau email cheGuBard untuk tahu bagaimana nak ke tapak program 14 April ini. Di atas ialah peta Kelab Sultan Sulaiman. sila klik peta untuk imej lebih jelas.

Walaubagaimanapun untuk mengelakan kesesakan, rakyat diminta menggunakan pengangkutan awam malam tersebut. Bagi pengguna LRT boleh menggunakan stesen Kampung Baru dan berjalan ke arah 'Nasi Lemak Antarabangsa' , sebelum melintasi jalan untuk ke KSS. Jarak berjalan kaki kira kira 250 meter.

Bagi pengguna Monorel sila gunakan stesen Jalan Sultan Ismail (berhampiran Concorde Hotel) berjalan ke arah Kg. Baru - Hotel Renaissance. Jarak berjalan kaki kira 350 meter.

Dari Negeri Sembilan disediakan bas (oleh keADILan Rembau) dengan tambang berpatutan sila hubungi 0123696474 NorAzizi Aziz. Untuk bahagian lain sila berhubung keADILan bahagian tersebut.

Penganjur juga meminta maaf kepada semua peniaga kerana tidak akan ada peniaga yang dibenarkan berniaga di dalam kawasan KSS.

Poster design by AIC





Bara Black14 2008 makin terasa, AIC juga turut design beberapa poster yang cheGuBard nak kongsi sama di sini kerana kelihatan 'cool'..... disamping poster yang jawatankuasa penganjur keluar poster ini juga boleh dicetak dan edar.... himpunan di negeri - negeri sedang dirancang tetapi ayuh penuhkan padang Kampung Baru dulu...
0 comments


lonelyladies <lonelyladies@ yahoo.com> wrote:

Berita terbaru, Perhimpunan Black 14 akan ditangguhkan sehingga
diberitahu kerana Dato Seri Anwar Ibrahim mempunyai jadual yang padat
sepanjang minggu depan. Menurut Angkatan Muda Keadilan (AMK) tarikh
baru bagi perhimpunan tersebut akan dimaklumkan kemudian. Bagi pihak
Dato Seri Anwar, beliau memohon maaf diatas kelewatan memaklumkan
penangguhan perhimpunan tersebut dan segala kesulitan amat dikesali.
Setiap maklumat terkini akan diumukan secepat mungkin bagi
merialisasikan Perhimpunan Black14 ini.


HARI SABTU PAKAI KUNING! / WEAR YELLOW ON SATURDAYS!
Lawati laman 10November di http://10nov. himpunan. info/
Lawati laman Bersih di http://bersih. org/


*****.*****

Daripada Abu Umarah iaitu al-Bara' bin 'Azib radhiallahu anhuma, katanya: "Kita semua diperintah oleh Rasulullah s.a.w. untuk melakukan tujuh perkara, iaitu meninjau orang sakit, mengikuti janazah, menentasymitkan orang yang bersin, menolong orang yang lemah, membantu orang yang teraniaya, meratakan salam dan melaksanakan sumpah."

(Muttafaq 'alaih)

Friday, April 11, 2008

MENGAPA ISRAEL PRIHATIN POLITIK MALAYSIA?

"jaga jaga" jagajagala@yahoo.com.my

Oleh : M. HANAFIAH A. SAMAD, Kuala Lumpur
Dibawa khas Oleh : Tun Telanai





Baca rencana ini dulu :


ORANG Melayu yang beragama Islam mesti berwaspada dan hendaklah selalu mengingatkan diri betapa bahayanya mainan Yahudi terhadap umat Islam. Lihatlah negara dan rakyat Palestin bertahun-tahun menderita akibat kekejaman Yahudi.


Sebab itu apabila akhbar Israel Jerusalem Post meramalkan Penasihat Parti Keadilan Rakyat (PKR), Datuk Seri Anwar Ibrahim bakal menjadi Perdana Menteri Malaysia (Anwar Ibrahim: Malaysia‘s Future Prime Minister), saya bukan gusar Anwar menjadi Perdana Menteri, tetapi saya risau jika negara kita diperalatkan Yahudi.


Biasalah kerja akhbar membuat ramalan seperti itu. DAP pun buat ramalan yang sama: “Anwar Prime Minister in the making.” Tetapi yang menimbulkan musykil kenapa daripada beribu-ribu akhbar di dunia, akhbar Yahudi saja yang membuat ramalan? Mengapa daripada sekian banyak pemimpin di dunia, hanya Anwar yang menarik minatnya?


Israel sendiri tahu Malaysia adalah salah satu negara Islam yang lantang menentang keras pencerobohan dan penindasan yang dilakukannya ke atas negara dan penduduk Palestin. Apakah dengan membuat ramalan itu sebagai satu daripada cara Yahudi memanipulasi keadaan untuk kepentingannya?


Kita ingin tahu apa sebenarnya yang berlaku? Apakah ada udang di sebalik batu? Kita harap PKR atau Datuk Seri Anwar sendiri menyatakan pendiriannya.


Mungkin mereka akan mengatakan itu adalah kebebasan akhbar. Walaupun alasan itu betul tetapi dalam masa yang sama ia tidak semestinya mengorbankan prinsip.


Amerika Syarikat (AS) sebagai sebuah negara super power di dunia boleh tunduk kepada Israel, inikan pula sebuah negara kecil seperti Malaysia tidak mustahil boleh tertiarap di kaki Israel. Yahudi menguasai politik AS bukan baru. Kesemua presidennya mengikut telunjuk Israel. Mereka yang tidak mengikut kemahuan Israel tidak akan dapat bertahan lama sebagai Presiden AS.


Bagi orang Islam Yahudi tetap musuh Islam. Allah S.W.T. memberi penegasan jelas di dalam al-Quran mengenai Yahudi. Jangan hanya kerana kepentingan politik kita tidak mempedulikannya.


Kalaulah ramalan akhbar Israel itu menjadi kenyataan pasti seluruh Malaysia akan memuji ramalan Yahudi itu betul. Dan akhbar Yahudi akan membuat pengiktirafan. Mungkin dalam sejarah Islam, inilah satu-satunya pemimpin yang diiktiraf oleh Yahudi.

Semua orang tahu, Islam mengajar umatnya perlu bijak memilih kawan. Kita boleh berkawan dengan orang kafir, tetapi kafir yang bagaimana? Ini perintah Tuhan.


Pilihlah kafir yang bersedia untuk bertolak ansur dengan kita. Islam menghalang kita memilih orang kafir menjadi pemimpin kita.


Saya harap andaian saya ini hanyalah satu khayalan. Ini kerana saya berpegang kepada ajaran Islam bahawa Yahudi tetap Yahudi. Sebaik mana pun mereka adalah musuh Islam, bangsa yang dilaknati Tuhan. Saya tidak terfikir ada orang Islam sanggup menggadai maruahnya kepada Yahudi.


Sebenarnya saya masih musykil mengapa akhbar Israel tiba-tiba begitu berminat dengan hal ehwal Malaysia? Saya harap kita tidak tertipu dengan mainan Yahudi. Saya harap Pas patut memberi ulasan mengenainya.


Dalam hal ini pemimpin ulama patut memberi nasihat yang betul kepada Anwar. Malah Pas patut memperbetulkan pendiriannya apabila menerima DAP dalam Pakatan Rakyat. Saya tidak perlu menghurai atau memperjelaskan siapa DAP.


Semua orang tahu.


Orang Yahudi sedang menunggu saat untuk bertepuk tangan melihat sebuah kerajaan pimpinan orang Islam jatuh di kaki bangsanya sendiri. Mungkin ketika itu orang Melayu akan turut bersorak-sorai memuji, betullah apa yang diramalkan oleh akhbar Yahudi, Jerusalem Post. Semoga kita tidak menang sorak, kampung tergadai.

ULASAN :


Rencana yang disiarkan oleh Utusan Malaysia [UM] on-line ini ditulis oleh seorang yang mempunyai agenda politik adu-domba dan mempunyai prasangka politik yang amat buruk terhadap Anwar Ibrahim dan gabungan parti-parti pembangkang [PAS, PKR dan DAP] dalam Pakatan Rakyat yang baru dijenamakan. Mesej yang ingin disampaikan oleh penulis dan UM yang menjadi lidah rasmi UMNO ialah untuk mengugut dan menakut-nakutkan rakyat supaya jangan memberi kepercayaan atau undi kepada Anwar dan Pakatan Rakyat. Sekiranya benar apa yang dijangkakan yang Anwar Ibrahim akan bertanding di salah sebuah kerusi Parlimen yang dimenangi oleh PKR dalam PRU lepas, maka selepas 14 April ini akan ada pilihan raya kecil dan sudah pastinya isu ini akan dijadi bahan kempen utama UMNO untuk menghalang Anwar menapak ke hadapan dalam main-stream politik negara.


Rencana ini juga diterbitkan susulan daripada kenyataan Tun Dr.Mahathir Mohamad di Pulau Pinang pada 30 Mac lalu [Rujuk :http://www.malaysiak ini.com/news/ 80609] ketika beliau merasmikan Mesyuarat Agung Persatuan Melayu Tanjong. Dr.Mahathir mendakwa Anwar sebagai agen asing dan Anwar akan memperalatkan orang Melayu bagi kepentingan politiknya untuk menjadi Perdana Menteri dan melakukan pengkianatan terhadap orang Melayu-Islam serta rakyat bukan Melayu. Pendik kata Anwar manusia hipokrit atau dalam Islam istilahnya disebut ‘munafik’.


Maksud tersirat disebalik kenyataan Dr.Mahathir dan tulisan Hanafiah adalah negara dan bangsa Melayu-Islam dalam bahaya sekiranya Anwar diberi peluang mentadbir negara ini. Anwar akan sanggup berbuat apa sahaja hatta mengadai maruah bangsa, agama dan negara kepada Barat khususnya Amerika Syarikat [AS]. Israel-Yahudi akan mencaturkan politik dan dasar negara ini melalui pengaruh AS sepertimana apa yang terjadi di Asia Barat. Ketika itu, rakyat dan negara ini akan hancur kerana berlakunya pergaduhan dan pertelingkahan sesama umat Islam dan juga umat Islam dengan bukan Islam hasil daripada dasar pecah dan perintah yang diamalkan oleh Israel. Ketidakstabilan politik ini menjadikan seluruh kegiatan sektor ekonomi negara akan musnah dan rakyat akan menanggung penderitaan sepertimana yang dirasai oleh rakyat Palestin dan Iraq masa kini. Monyet di hutan disusukan, anak dalam dokongan keciciran. Itulah mesej yang mahu disampaikan oleh mereka berdua ini kepada seluruh rakyat Malaysia.


Semua persoalan yang dibangkitkan oleh Dr.Mahathir dan Hanafiah mempunyai agenda tertentu. Pertama, kenyataan yang dikeluarkan oleh Dr.Mahathir menunjukkan bahawa beliau takut pada bayang-bayangnya sendiri. Dalam keadaan politik UMNO kucar-kacir dan lemah, tetapi dalam masa yang sama Pakatan Rakyat khasnya PKR melalui wajah politik barunya telah mendapat sambutan dan perhatian seluruh rakyat terutama di kalangan rakyat bukan Melayu seperti yag ditunjukkan dalam PRU lepas. Hal ini menyebabkan Dr.Mahathir merasa bimbang dan kecut perut di atas segala kesalahan yang beliau lakukan selama 22 tahun memerintah.


Banyak penyelewengan dan salahlaku yang dilakukan oleh Dr.Mahathir dalam tempoh tersebut akan ditimbulkan kembali sekiranya Anwar ditakdirkan berjaya menguasai politik dalam negara ini-menjadi Perdana Menteri. Kes-kes yang terpendam selama ini yang melibatkan amalan rasuah dan pelindung perasuah, rasuah dalam sistem kehakiman negara, krisis kehakiman dalam tahun 1988 dan isu pemecatan Tun Salleh Abbas sebagai Ketua Hakim Negara akan dibangkitkan semula bagi mencari keadilan. Sudah tentu semua isu ini akan dibongkarkan yang boleh mencemarkan nama baik beliau sebagai negarawan terulung di dalam negara ini. Sepatutnya beliau tidak diganggu lagi dalam usia setuanya, biarkan beliau dalam keadaan tenang dan damai menghadapi saat-saat mengadap Allah s.w.t., tetapi keadaan sebaliknya berlaku.


Perkembangan terkini menunjukkan bahawa politik Anwar Ibrahim menonjak naik melambung, berbanding Abdullah Ahmad Badawi saham politiknya menjunam jatuh akibat beliau menghadapi berbagai masalah dalaman parti dan hal-ehwal pentadbiran negara menyebabkan UMNO menjadi lemah dan boleh ditumbangkan bila-bila masa dari sekarang. Oleh itu, mahu tidak mahu Dr.Mahathir terpaksa melakukan sesuatu untuk menyekat kemaraan Anwar lebih jauh dalam arus politik negara ini. Jadi, isu Anwar menjadi agen asing difikirkannya masih relevan untuk menakutkan rakyat agar menjauhkan diri daripada perjuangan Anwar yang mulai diterima rakyat berbilang kaum dan agama.


Kedua, Hanafiah menulis bagi memulihkan semangat para pendokong UMNO yang terkedu akibat terkejut beruk akibat kekalahan yang mereka terima di luar jangkaan yang menyebabkan timbulnya keributan dalam UMNO. Walaupun UMNO [membawa maksud BN juga] menang dan dapat mengekalkan kuasa untuk memerintah Malaysia kembali, namun ia merupakan kemenangan dalam kekalahan yang paling teruk dalam PRU lalu. Hanafiah sedar bahawa kerajaan UMNO telah kehilangan kepercayaan rakyat. UMNO kehilangan lima negeri [Kedah, Perak, Selangor dan Kelantan kekal di bawah PAS] termasuk Pulau Pinang, di mana Abdullah merupakan Pengerusi UMNO negeri tersebut. UMNO juga, buat pertama kali dalam sejarah, gagal mendapat majoriti dua pertiga di Dewan Rakyat apabila hanya memenangi 140 daripada 222 kerusi Parlimen. UMNO hanya memperolehi 51 peratus jumlah undi daripada 7.9 juta pengundi dan Pakatan Rakyat memperolehi 49.79 peratus.


UMNO memperolehi 85 kerusi Parlimen di Semenanjung, manakala Pakatan Rakyat memperolehi 80 kerusi, hanya lebih 5 kerusi. Tanpa adanya Serawak dan Sabah yang menyumbang 40 peratus sebanyak 55 kerusi, sudah tentu UMNO sudah jatuh daripada tampok kekuasaannya sekarang. Anwar Ibrahim telah berjaya menjadi penyatu kepada parti-parti pembangkang utama sehingga mencapai kemenangan besar dalam PRU lalu. Menyedari hakikat tersebut, maka Hanafiah terpaksa menulis rencana berkenaan bagi pihak UMNO bagi tujuan menimbulkan keraguan dan ketakutan dikalangan rakyat terhadap perjuangan sebenar Anwar.


Dakwaan terhadap Anwar sebagai agen asing dan tulisan yang berbau unsur hasutan berdasarkan andaian semata-mata tanpa bukti merupakan satu tindakan yang tidak bertamadun. Dunia sekarang ini bersifat global dan terbuka. Selaras dengan dasar luar Malaysia yang mahu berbaik-baik dengan semua negara di dunia tanpa mengira ideologi dan sempadan politik adalah menjadi matlamat utama wajah politik di Malaysia kini. Tanpa ada fahaman perkauman dan diskriminasi yang berlaku di antara kaum dalam negara ini atau pun dengan negara-negara luar sama ada blok barat atau blok timur atau sebagainya.


Anwar cuba membawa agenda ini untuk kebaikan seluruh umat manusia tidak kira di mana ia berada. Ianya adalah sesuai dengan zaman bertamadun di abad ke 21 ini. Islam adalah agama universal dan keadilan sejagat merupakan sebahagian daripada tuntutan Islam yang perlu dilaksanakan. Mempertingkatkan hubungan dalam dan luar negara tentu akan menambahkan lagi hubungan dua hala dan meningkatkan lagi kerjasama dalam berbagai sektor untuk memajukan negara dan rakyatnya. Hendaklah kita berkawan dengan semua orang. Kurangkan musuh, banyakkan sahabat. Islam sendiri mengalakkan umatnya mengenali satu sama lain. Berbuat baik dengan barat [khususnya AS] tidak berti kita menyokong segala dasarnya yang tidak menguntungkan ummah. Pertemuan face to face di antara Abdullah dengan Presiden George W. Bush sedikit masa lalu, tidak bererti Abdullah menyokong dan dijajah pemikirannya oleh AS dan Yahudi telah pun berjaya menyusup masuk mencampuri urusan dalam negara kita.


Begitu juga dengan tindakan Dr.Mahathir pada 6 hingga 9 Julai 1994 telah mengadakan pertemuan sulit dengan PM Israel, Yithzak Rabin dan Menteri Luarnya, Shimon Peres di Hotel De Crillion, Perancis. Pertemuan ini dilaporkan oleh TV Israel dan dipetik oleh AFP. Kemudian, Dr.mahathir mengesahkannya dalam satu wawancaranya dengan wartawan TV Israel, Channel 10, Guy Sharett pada 6 April 2004 di Kuala Lumpur. Pada tahun 1964 di AS, Dr.Mahathir juga pernah mengadakan pertemuan dengan Dr. Henry Kissinger, ketika itu sebagai Setiausaha Negara Amerika dan pakar strategi Yahudi dalam seminar anjuran Asia Foundation.


Selepas itu, Dr.Mahathir telah mengadakan dua kali pertemuan sulit dengan Dr. Henry Kissinger, Pertama di New York dan kali kedua di Kuala Lumpur pada 6 Mac 1987. Ianya diadakan secara perbincangan tertutup sehari di pejabat Perdana Menteri. Perbincangan ini dikendalikan oleh ISIS dan dikenali sebagai "Perbincangan Meja Bulat Kuala Lumpur" anjuran ISIS ketika itu dibawah pentadbiran Dr. Noordin Sophie.


Dr.Mahathir juga pernah menghadiri satu majlis yang dianjurkan oleh Mayor [Datuk Bandar] berbangsa Yahudi, Tom Levyn dan turut dihadiri oleh 'masyarakat Yahudi' yang terdiri daripada tokoh hiburan dan karyawan filem di Beverly Hills, Los Angeles pada Januari 1997. Dalam pertemuan tersebut Dr.Mahathir meminta supaya diwujudkan taman hiburan atau perkampungan industri perfileman ala Hollywood yang dimonopoli oleh Yahudi di Amerika itu di tapak MSC, Sepang. Idea itu terhenti apabila Abdullah mengambilalih tampok pemerintahan negara kerana Abdullah bukan seorang yang cintakan ilmu lebih-lebih lagi dalam dunia ITC.


Pada tahun 1997, Dr.Mahathir menjemput belia-belia [pelajar-pelajar] Israel melawat Malaysia untuk melawat negara kita dan bertukar-tukar fikiran dengan pelajar-pelajar di beberapa buah IPTA di ibu negara dan membenarkan pasukan kriket Israel datang ke Malaysia untuk menyertai kejohanan kriket antarabangsa [ICC]. Umat Islam yang membantah kehadiran pasukan Israel di bumi Malaysia ini diganyang, ditangkap dan didakwa di mahkamah oleh Dr. Mahathir. Ahli Parlimen Pokok Sena, YB Tuan Haji Mahfuz Omar dan Ahli Parlimen Kubang Krian YB Salahuddin Ayob ditangkap dan dipenjarakan.


Sebuah Syarikat Yahudi, Satchi & Satchi diberi kontrak untuk membantu UMNO merangka strategi pilihan raya umum 1986. Sebelum itu, syarikat terbabit telah membantu kempen pilihan raya Margaret Thatcher di Britain dan Ronald Reagan di Amerika Syarikat [Dr. Henry Kissinger juga merupakan penasihat kepada Presiden Reagan]. Pada tahun 1998, negara mengalami krisis kewangan dan Dr. Mahathir mengambil syarikat Solomon Smith & Barney [juga sebuah syarikat Yahudi] sebagai penasihat kewangan negara dan bon Malaysia dijual kepada pelabur Yahudi di Amerika dan Eropah.


Dan pada September 1999, Menteri Luar Malaysia ketika Syed Hamid Albar [kini Menteri Dalam Negeri] telah mengadakan pertemuan dengan Menteri Luar Israel, David Levy di New York. Di dalam pertemuan tersebut juga, Mahathir telah mengucapkan tahniah kepada Perdana Menteri Israel iaitu Ehud Barak kerana kejayaannya menjadi Perdana Menteri baru Israel.


Pada 13 Oktober 1994, Far Eastern Economic Review melaporkan bahawa Dr.Mahathir telah memberitahu bahawa pengiktirafan [Israel] adalah bergantung kepada sejauh mana rakyat Palestin dan negara-negara Arab telah berpuas hati terhadap perlaksanaan perjanjian damai dengan Tel Aviv. Israel telah pun menghantar pemerhati khas ke Kuala Lumpur dalam mesyuarat tersebut. dan pada Disember 1996, Mahathir menyeru supaya Negara-negara Arab tidak berperang dengan Israel bagi menyelesaikan masalah di Timur Tengah. Ini adalah rancangan Dr.Mahathir untuk menjalinkan perhubungan diplomatik dengan Israel.


Itu adalah serba sedikit catatan peristewa yang pernah dicatatkan yang melibatkan hubungan Dr.Mahathir dengan Isreal-Yahudi secara langsung. Kenapa akhbar dan Hanafiah tidak menuduh Dr.Mahathir sebagai pengkianat bangsa, agama dan negara lebih-lebih lagi UMNO sekarang menghadapi kecaman yang paling hebat daripada Dr.mahathir, malah sepatutnya Dr.Mahathir tidak perlu membuat sebarang tuduhan dan dakwaan yang melulu terhadap Anwar Ibrahim.


Dr. Mahathir juga mempunyai pendekatanya tersendiri untuk membela bangsa, agama dan negara.


Persoalanya, kenapa Anwar dituduh sedemikian rupa sedangkan beliau juga mempunyai pendekatan tersendiri bagi membina negara ini, buruk sangatkah Anwar Ibrahim?


Lihat surat hubungan di antara Dr.Mahathir dengan Israel-Yahudi




“SELAMATKAN RAKYAT SELAMATKAN NEGARA”
‘PROTES SAMPAI TURUN”


NYFHM: Do exercise caution to the authenticity of the letter, but NOT the article.

*****.*****

Daripada Abu Umarah iaitu al-Bara' bin 'Azib radhiallahu anhuma, katanya: "Kita semua diperintah oleh Rasulullah s.a.w. untuk melakukan tujuh perkara, iaitu meninjau orang sakit, mengikuti janazah, menentasymitkan orang yang bersin, menolong orang yang lemah, membantu orang yang teraniaya, meratakan salam dan melaksanakan sumpah."

(Muttafaq 'alaih)

Anwar: No Motion Against PM

April, 11, 2008

Assalamualikum, salam sejahtera

Sila layari http://thestaronlin e.tv untuk tonton wawancana, Anwar:
no motion against PM.



Terima kasih

"Dr Sulaiman Masri" suli306@gmail.com


*****.*****

Daripada Abu Umarah iaitu al-Bara' bin 'Azib radhiallahu anhuma, katanya: "Kita semua diperintah oleh Rasulullah s.a.w. untuk melakukan tujuh perkara, iaitu meninjau orang sakit, mengikuti janazah, menentasymitkan orang yang bersin, menolong orang yang lemah, membantu orang yang teraniaya, meratakan salam dan melaksanakan sumpah."

(Muttafaq 'alaih)

Remembering Palestine ( our brother in exile) part 2

A Systematic Campaign for Dominance of the Land
28-9-2004
Betar Illit Settlement, to the south of Jerusalem
Negotiations Affairs Department
Mainstream history books, media, and international political think-tanks rarely present the fate of the area that was once Mandate Palestine as a comprehensive whole. The issue of land is usually examined under geographical categorization: each area, be it Gaza, Jerusalem, or the Galilee, is studied separately. The implication of such methodology is that there are unique issues in different areas with different solutions. But to consider Zionist policy towards a specific district in isolation from others is a grave error, hiding the true nature and structure and root of the problems.

Click here to view a photo gallery on the period 1967 - present.

While it is important to understand the unique circumstances and status of land in each geographical area, this folder looks at long-term Israeli land policy as a systematic whole, the same policy manifesting itself in various ways in different areas. When looking at Israeli government land policy towards the whole area that was British Mandate Palestine, (and before that the Palestinian districts of the Ottoman Empire), it is possible to identify an overarching scheme. Analysis reveals patterns, trends, and similar strategies employed to achieve the same goal: domination of the land for one ethnic group only. Israeli land policy in each area fits into an all encompassing strategy to divide Palestinians from their land.

Labor and the Allon Plan 1967 � 1977
Although Israel celebrated what was perceived as a massive victory in 1967, seizing an extensive area of new land ranging from the ancient city of Gaza to the heights of the Golan, from the capital of Jerusalem to the whole West Bank of the river Jordan, it did not succeed in transferring the majority of Palestinians from their land. Not only did Israel occupy a land peopled by the original inhabitants, but it could no longer avoid taking some level of responsibility for large numbers of refugees who had fled in 1948, now living in squalor in camps across the newly occupied territory.

In the first decade following the 1967 occupation, the state remained in Labor Party control, guided by the unofficial Allon Plan (named after Deputy Prime Minister Yigal Allon). The goal was to achieve �maximum land with minimum Arabs,� an objective which had not been successfully accomplished in the 1967 attack. The Allon Plan aimed to annex around 40 percent of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip to Israel, meaning that it would be considered in Israeli eyes as fully part of Israel, rather than land taken in war with as yet undetermined status. An integral part of this plan was to devise numerous ways in which Palestinians would be transferred off the land to be annexed, in order to render it suitable for Israeli annexation.

Annexation
There is often confusion over the terms occupation, annexation and confiscation. In this text, the word occupation is used to mean the taking of land by means of force, but many of the original inhabitants may still live on the land. Annexation is the word that applies to the Israeli laws passed in relation to East Jerusalem in 1980 and the Syrian Golan in 1981 (although the land was �occupied� in 1967). The Israelis applied civil rather than military law to these areas, and attempted to enforce Israeli citizenship on residents. Although Israeli citizenship would entitle Palestinians and Syrians in these areas to greater rights under Israeli law, the large majority refused to accept Israeli passports and citizenship. Accepting citizenship was seen as an acceptance of Israel�s right to claim their land and would give them even less chance in the future of reclaiming the land for themselves.

Thus those from annexed areas, East Jerusalemites and residents of the Golan, do not usually have citizenship like Palestinians from areas occupied in 1948 such as the Galilee and the Negev; but they also have different ID from West Bank and Gazan Palestinians. This means that currently an East Jerusalemite is free to travel within Israeli borders, whereas a West Banker would be arrested instantly if discovered visiting or working in Tel Aviv or Haifa.

Land Confiscation
Some Palestinians living in occupied or annexed land are still able to farm their land, but this number is decreasing every year, and farmers live in the knowledge that their land is under constant threat, irrespective of which side of the Green Line that they are living on. �Confiscated� land is land that the Israeli government physically prevents Palestinians from reaching. This could happen to Palestinians wherever they live, and whatever their �status� in the eyes of Israeli law. A Palestinian citizen of Israel in the Triangle area could have farmland confiscated, just as a Bedouin citizen in the Negev or Palestinian refugee in a Gazan refugee camp could have crops destroyed.

Compensation
In 1973 the government enacted legislation to try to persuade �internal refugees� to accept offers of compensation. Internal refugees are those who lost their homes and lands in 1948, but fled to other occupied areas and were given citizenship in the new

Israeli state. Few accepted this compensation offered, which was not equal to the value of the land and the loss of earnings incurred in the previous 25 years. Perhaps more significantly, signing for compensation meant a signing away of any claim to their own land in the future. This was an offer few were prepared to accept (Abu Hussein and McKay, 2003, p. 73). Such a strategy has been employed throughout the history of dealings over land confiscation. Similar offers have been made, a contemporary example being offers to some West Bank farmers who have lost land for the building of the new series of boundaries and walls in the West Bank. Accepting compensation automatically signs away any claims to land in future negotiations.

Another case study inside the 1948 Green Line concerns those farmers in the Triangle area who lost land to build the Trans-Israel Highway. This new road, seizing a large amount of the very little farmland left to the Palestinian citizens of Israel, follows roughly the line of the 1967 West Bank border, just to the west side (as the Wall does to the east). Farmers complained that the land offered to them in compensation was not equal in size or did not have access to essential water resources. Many received several smaller pieces of land in lieu of a larger piece; yet, of course, this rendered much farming impractical. Others found that the land allocated was divided by electricity pylons or even slated for road development in the not-too-distant future.

Land Day
In 1975 Palestinians inside Israel�s 1948 borders established the Land Defence Committee to campaign against ongoing land confiscation. On March 30, 1976, the political activity of the Palestinians in the 1948 areas, which had previously been muted by a harsh policy of Israeli control, finally received the attention of the rest of the Arab world owing to Israel�s bloody response to organized demonstrations. As Palestinians across the Galilee gathered in the area of Sakhnin village to protest increasing land expropriation, the Israeli government chose to make a swift crackdown. Six Palestinians were killed and the day has since been memorialized as Land Day on the national Palestinian calendar. This event contributed to an increase in awareness of Palestinians living within the Israeli state by the wider Palestinian community.

Jewish Settlement: Strategy for Control of the Land
Religious Jewish groups initially opposed the idea of establishing the promised land of Israel through military force. The kingdom of Israel was to be established by God alone. The early Israeli settlers in the Ottoman and Mandate periods, and then in the early decades of the state, were largely driven by secular ideology. However, in the wake of the capture of Jerusalem in its entirety, and the West Bank of the Jordan, which is considered to be the ancient Jewish kingdoms of Judea and Samaria, the majority of religious Jews began to embrace the Zionist project with a drive and fervor unseen till then.

Support from the religious establishment was essential for the Israeli government expansion project and brought with it vital support from abroad, particularly from the United States. Religious communities were prepared to lead the way in pioneering settlement in the newly captured areas, to maintain often dangerous positions in places such as Hebron and Gaza. The residence of settlers was essential to the maintenance of military positions and the expropriation of Palestinian water and resources, policies that it was hoped would make life so difficult for Palestinians that they would eventually choose to leave. In the West Bank, just as in the Galilee, settlements were usually built on high positions, giving the army a perfect vantage point to maintain control of the Palestinian population.

The settlement project launched in earnest in the 1970s in the West Bank and Gaza was in form the same as the methods that were employed to seize control of the land following the 1948 Nakba (see 1948 � 1967). Land was confiscated in order to build

  • Housing, much of which remains empty despite continued building. Tax deductions and government sponsorship created low housing costs, adding a significant enticement for Israelis considering the move to the West Bank or Gaza, or people abroad considering emigrating. Beautiful scenery and low cost housing made settlement in the 1967 territories an attractive prospect for everyone, not just religious groups.
  • Service infrastructure such as new roads and tunnels, which are justified as essential settler needs, yet in the process confiscate further land and cut access between villages, dividing farmers from farmland and families from one another.
  • Military bases and security zones: Right from the beginning, the settlement project allowed the Israelis to expand a military presence closer to neighboring Arab states Jordan and Egypt (and Syria in the Golan). Supposedly �residential� settlements could also be used as military outposts, enabling greater Israeli control over the large Palestinian population occupied in the 1967 war.
Family sitting in ruins of their home in Rafah refugee camp, destroyed by Israeli bulldozers
Rafah Today

The necessity for the building of the above has been used, and continues to be used, as justification to increase the stranglehold on the land and to devastate Palestinian lives and economy. The methods by which this end is achieved are applied on both sides of the Green Line:

  • Housing demolition is not limited to the West Bank and Gaza. In 2003 the Israeli government destroyed over 500 homes in East Jerusalem and in areas where Palestinians are living inside Israel. This is a deliberate policy against all Palestinian Arabs, not merely a collective punishment for families of suicide bombers in the West Bank and Gaza. (Collective punishment is recognized internationally as a violation of basic human rights, but Israel is not sanctioned for this.)
  • Housing or property confiscation to use for military emplacements is often initially defined as temporary, yet never returned.
  • Theft of water resources: Settlements such as Alfei Menashe in the west of the West Bank close to Qalqilya, have been built in the best positions to extract the water resources of the most important Palestinian water aquifer (natural underground water reservoir). Inside the 1948 areas, roads and kibbutzim have been strategically placed to cut access to water resources for the tiny minority of farmers who have still managed to hold on to their land.
  • Confiscation of farmland
  • Destruction of crops and natural environment
  • Curfews, �temporary� military closures, and denial of permits so that, although the land is officially open to the farmer, it is physically impossible for people to reach. Laws applying to government ownership of �uncultivated land� can then come into play.

The Oslo Years: Activity on the Ground Increases
Many accounts of the Oslo period would describe in detail the different ways in which land was classified and used, and accords implemented. Technically, for example, the West Bank and Gaza were divided into areas A, B, and C. Area A was to be land fully under control of Palestinian Authority (Gaza Strip and major West Bank cities such as Jenin, Nablus, and Ramallah). In Area B Palestinians were responsible for civil affairs but Israelis responsible for security. Area C was under full Israeli control. Yet in practice, with no control over borders or the economy, and no contiguous territory, it is hard to describe even Area A as ever having been �independent� Palestinian territory.

In the Oslo years, settlement building and land confiscation were supposedly to end, and an �interim period� was established to build up confidence between the two �sides� before �final status� negotiations were completed. More is written about this in the section entitled �The Struggle,� but suffice to say at this point, that the majority of those that did have confidence in the Oslo process at the beginning (and many did not) had pretty much lost this hope before the second Intifada started.

A common media myth perpetuated is that if Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin had not been assassinated, a just solution to the conflict over land would have been reach. Close look at policy under Rabin in the Oslo years suggests otherwise. In spring 1995 under the Rabin government, nostalgically considered by Israeli �doves� as the golden years, it was decided that 8,000 new housing units would be built in Ma�ale Adumim. This Israeli settlement is located at the center of the West Bank, halfway between Jerusalem and Jericho, and thus can be quite clearly seen as part of the plan to divide the West Bank and annex the area of �Greater Jerusalem� to what is internationally recognized as Israel.

During Oslo, not only did settlements expand, but land confiscation continued apace. In the decade following Oslo, settlements doubled and numbers of settlers soared. Facts on the ground continued to be established. Ehud Barak, considered as Rabin�s heir, built more settlements in East Jerusalem than his Likud predecessor Netanyahu. The practice on the ground, not the rhetoric on the international stage, led Palestinians to conclude that any words of reassurance from Israel were empty rhetoric.

Land Policy into the 21st Century: Creating Facts on the Ground
The brutal land policy employed during the Intifada�the destruction and confiscation of land on which people live and work�must be seen in a very different context than simply �a response to the Palestinian escalation in violence,� the light in which Israel is so keen to portray it. This can be seen in any number of issues; just a few are highlighted below:
  • West Bank: Blurring of the West Bank Western Border
    Building the West Bank Wall
    The new Wall is not the first system of infrastructure built to confiscate land in the West Bank border zones. Since the 1970s, the Israeli government has been developing a series of strategies to break up the contiguous land and populated areas of Palestinian citizens of Israel on the west of the 1967 line (in the Little Triangle), and the Palestinians of the Tulkarm, Qalqilya western West Bank region on the other. Building a massive road (the Trans-Israel Highway) from north to south in the past few years has confiscated a large proportion of the small lands still remaining to Palestinian farmers inside Israel, just as the building of the Wall has on the other side. The building of settlements in this zone has also been strategic, labeled �Sharon�s Star Point� plan. Settlements in the past two decades have been built on both sides of the border, in effect blurring the border line with the West Bank, further encroaching on what is supposedly PA territory, and crucially placing Israeli civilians with strong military support to divide the Palestinian populated area from within.

  • Jerusalem: Unilateral Creation of Greater Jerusalem
    Abu Dis, Occupied Palestinian Jerusalem. Businesses, shops and families divided by the wall
    Negotiations Affairs Department
    Israel is undertaking a massive development of the infrastructure of Jerusalem, which encompasses a much broader area than that of West Jerusalem. A system that incorporates dividing walls, tunnels, and fences to build trams, rail- and roadways and new Jewish residential neighborhoods involves massive housing demolition and land confiscation from Palestinians. Crucially, this plan for Jerusalem covers areas classified by the international community variously as West Jerusalem, East Jerusalem, and the West Bank. It is clear from the municipal plans for Greater Jerusalem (which are in the public domain and not a closed Israeli secret), that Israel is investing in a future in which a shared Jerusalem and a return of the West Bank have no place. This was in evidence to the Palestinians long before the start of any militant action during the Intifada (see maps on www.nad-plo. org and www.passia.org).

  • Galilee: Judaization of the Galilee
    The process of the �Judaization of the Galilee� sprang from the disgust of Ben-Gurion on a 1950s visit to the Galilee. Horrified by the density of the Arab population, particularly in an area bordering the �enemy territory� of Lebanon, Ben-Gurion and future policy makers see the Galilee demographics as a threat to the Jewish nation. From that day to this, the program has continued, with hundreds of mitzpim (look out) settlements established, as well as new settlement towns such as Karmiel, all through the process of confiscating land of the Arab villages. Alongside numerous other laws �legalizing� confiscation, Israel is still making use of the Absentees� Property Law today across the country.

  • Negev: Plan for the Bedouin
    Demolished mosque in Bedouin village in the Negev, deemed �illegal� by Israel
    Prime Minister Sharon has announced a plan for the Negev region in the southern part of the country, a target for the year 2020. Palestinian Bedouin, who are citizens of Israel, are to be �encouraged�� to live in the new townships that have been built for them over the past years. The aim is to clear the land of the Bedouin, land on which they have roamed and grazed goats for generations. New Jewish settlements and heavy industrial plants will be built in order to �judaize� this southern part of the country that currently only has a small Jewish Israeli population living there.
  • The Negev has been a pet project of Sharon since his days as agriculture minister in the 1970s. At that time a Green Patrol was established, an Israeli authority given the power to force Bedouin to leave their lands and prevent �illegal� grazing. Many Bedouin villages in the Negev have existed since before the establishment of the state of Israel. Their residents are legal Israeli citizens (a significant number serving in the Israeli army) and thus entitled to the medical, educational, and social provisions of the state. Yet these people are not even included in official planning, no housing permission is given, and often Bedouin are living in areas with such high levels of pollution that even army patrols have been evacuated from the area. It is one of the starkest examples of apartheid between Arabs and Jews in the Israeli state.





Summary
The system of dominance and control is not a conspiracy theory; documents and information related to specific areas are discussed publicly by Israelis themselves. Look to the bibliographic and Internet references provided on this site, and go beyond to find out for yourself. At times Palestinians and international advocates have succeeded in preventing certain specific steps by the Israelis�for example, changes in the direction of walls and compensation deals�but as a whole system, no tangible mechanism is in force internationally which will stop the ongoing process of domination of the land. Until the whole system is addressed, land will continue to be pulled further from the reach of the Palestinian people.


Zachary A. Othman zachary_vearn81@yahoo.com

Source: Palestine in Focus

*****.*****

Daripada Abu Umarah iaitu al-Bara' bin 'Azib radhiallahu anhuma, katanya: "Kita semua diperintah oleh Rasulullah s.a.w. untuk melakukan tujuh perkara, iaitu meninjau orang sakit, mengikuti janazah, menentasymitkan orang yang bersin, menolong orang yang lemah, membantu orang yang teraniaya, meratakan salam dan melaksanakan sumpah."

(Muttafaq 'alaih)

Remembering Palestine (our Brother in exile) Part 1

Securing the Land for the Jewish People
28-09-2004
Jewish immigrants in 1950 in Iqrit, northern Galilee
By the end of 1948, any Palestinians remaining within newly occupied Israeli lands knew that they were now under a very new form of occupation, and for the short term at least, nothing would change that. The new government perceived Palestinians remaining in the state as a fifth column waiting to aid returning villagers or Arab fighters. Thus, special effort was exerted to keep Arabs, despite their Israeli ID, away from the borders and highways where they could help Palestinian resistance to recapture land. Villages such as Ikrit and Kafr Bir�im on the northern Lebanese border were cleared of inhabitants after the villagers had received official Israeli ID to remain. This particular case became famous in later years owing to the persistent campaigns of the villagers and their descendents.


Click here to view a photo gallery on the period 1948 - 1967.

On a 1950s visit to Natzeret �Illit, a new settlement developing on confiscated land of Nazareth, Prime Minister Ben-Gurion did not visit the neighboring Arab town of Nazareth, the largest Palestinian town then under his control. His disgust at seeing the numerous Palestinian villages still remaining in the Galilee led to the initiation of the ongoing program to �Judaize the Galilee,� a project that continues in earnest today.

Yosef Weitz, as head of the Jewish National Fund (JNF), was a leading figure in obtaining land and espousing plans that advocated the wholesale transfer or ethnic cleansing of the Palestinian population during the Mandate era. He favored continual harassment of Arabs inside the Jewish state and putting pressure on refugees not to return. While all were united in gaining maximum land control, strategies varied as to how to achieve this goal. Weitz and the JNF wanted to continue buying directly from Arabs in exile and within, while on the other hand, the government, which discouraged direct sale, wanting to be in sole control. In early months, the JNF did, indeed, continue with land purchase. By January 1949, a further 55,000 dunums had been bought (Morris, 1990, pp.122-4).

Imposition of Military Law
Palestinian concentration inside Israel, 1949
In order to control the Palestinian population within the new Jewish state, Israel enacted emergency military regulations developed during the Mandate time. At the official end of the 1948�49 hostilities, there were some 30�40,000 internally displaced out of 150,000 total Palestinians inside the Jewish state. However, the official signing of agreements did not mark an end to the expulsion of residents from homes and land, and the creation of more refugees both beyond and within Israeli borders. In early months and years the drive to expel continued. Thousands were expelled from villages in the Upper Galilee, such as Rama, Iqrit, Kafr Bir�im, Al-Ghabisiyya, Kirad Al-Baqarra, and Kirad Al-Grannama, and were transferred either across the borders to Lebanon or Syria, or to other villages. Refugees who had fled to other villages were expelled; thus some suffered the trauma and humiliation twice over.

Villages Declared �Closed Military Areas�
Most of the evacuated villages were declared �closed military areas� under the emergency regulations (Emergency Regulations [Security Zones] 1949), aiding the state to declare such land �absentee property.� (Examples are Iqrit and Al-Ghabisiyya. ) Specific villages deemed a potential security threat to the Jewish state were targeted. Those along the border with Lebanon were considered by Israel to have the potential to aid �infiltration� of returning refugees as well as weapons and Arab fighters. Residents of the smaller villages in the Triangle area on the West Bank border were moved several kilometers in from the Lebanese border. Fear of further expulsion kept a terrified population silent.

Owing to persistent campaigning and specific circumstances, the expulsions from the Christian villages of Iqrit and Kafr Bir�im have become the most well known. The villagers were already in possession of Israeli ID, meaning that they had been given official permission to remain as part of the Jewish state. The villagers only assented to moving after a promise by authorities that it was only for a temporary period during military operations. When villagers were not allowed to return, they launched a legal battle, declaring that their Israeli IDs and the authorities� promise of return made them a special case. The case continues to this day.

From Looting to Legalization of Land and Property �Acquisition�
With the flight of some 800,000 refugees, and internal displacement of thousands more, the new Jewish state was left with the practical issue of what to do with land, housing, and movable property at their disposal. Israeli historian Tom Segev presents a detailed account of the activities of Jewish authorities and individuals. The Custodian of Absentee Property commissioned individual contractors thus:

Go from house to house, from shop to shop, from warehouse to warehouse, from plant to plant, from quarry to quarry, from field to field, from orchard to orchard, and also from bank to bank and safe to safe�to count, measure, evaluate, estimate, replace locks on doors and transfer all moveable property to well-guarded warehouses, while maintaining a correct inventory of the property and its location (Segev, 1998, p.69).


All profits from Palestinian property were to go to the government treasury, but many were taken for individual use by looters.

This inventory included approximately 45,000 homes and apartments, 7,000 shops and businesses, 500 workshops and industrial plants, and over 1,000 warehouses. Alongside this work, the Custodian wanted to ensure that over 800,000 acres of Palestinian land continued to be cultivated so that crops didn�t go to waste and livestock did not die. All profits were to go to the government treasury, although many were taken for individual personal use and sale against orders of the government (Segev, 1998, p.68).

Dov Shafrir, the Custodian of Absentee Property, initially handed over confiscated goods and equipment to the army, and other property was put up for sale. Much property and land was taken when owners were still present; for example, theft of extensive orange groves in Jaffa (Segev, 1998, p.73).

As the months passed, the new state began to assemble legislation to legalize the process of expropriation of Palestinian property. The pre-state Haganah had created a Committee for Arab Property, but by the end of 1948 the new government had begun to draft the Absentees� Property Law, which would give the Custodian a share in the ownership of the property he had thus far only been �trustee� of. This law, the most important regarding the dispossession of Palestinian land, was finally passed in 1950, replacing the Emergency Regulations that had been serving the goal of Israeli land confiscation.

In the final wording of the law, absentees were defined (in retrospect), as those who, after November 29, 1947, were legal owners of property in what was now the new Israeli state, and who at any time either were citizens or present in Lebanon, Egypt, Syria, Saudi Arabia, Trans-Jordan, Iraq, or the Yemen, or the remainder of Palestine unoccupied by Israeli forces, or simply a Palestinian citizen who left his ordinary place of residence for a place outside Palestine before September 1, 1948 or for a place in Palestine held at the time �by forces which sought to prevent the establishment of the State of Israel or which fought against it after its establishment.�

The law was strictly enforced in all possible cases against Palestinians. When residents of the Little Triangle area found themselves Israeli citizens following the ceasefire agreement with Jordan in April 1949, they were still considered �absentees� and the Custodian refused to return farmland from which they had become separated by the temporary border (Abu Hussein and McKay, 2003, p. 71).
The Absentees� Property Law was swiftly followed six months later by the Development Authority (Transfer of Property) Law, 1950. This law authorized the transfer of land from the Custodian to the DA. In a further agreement three years later, it was agreed that the Custodian would transfer all immovable property to the DA. Previously the Custodian had only been authorized to make short term leases (Abu Hussein and McKay, 2003, p.72). It is estimated that by 1959 the Custodian had administered over 3 million dunams, the majority of which he passed to the Development Authority.
The new Zionist government also made use of the Mandatory Land (Acquisition for Public Purposes) Ordinance when implementing the 1951 State Property Law. Under this law, the state took all lands registered under the 1943 ordinance as �state property.� This included lands that had been registered in the name of the Mandate High Commissioner as �on behalf of Arab villages.�

Bulgarian Jewish settler girls studying in old Palestinian school in Al Bassa, Acre district, 1950
Other laws, such as the Emergency Articles for the Exploitation of Uncultivated Lands, were used to take remaining land. This law dictated that land which had not been cultivated for a specific length of time was government property, yet the law was exploited specifically to suit the government (Gilmour, 1982, p.103). The military government would declare land to be within a �military area� so that farmers could not enter. After a few years of closure, the Minister of Agriculture would declare the land uncultivated and thus be the property of the ministry.

However the Custodian did not suggest that the �internal refugees� should return to their land, but merely that they should be offered compensation in order to soothe their grievances. Porat proposed that bank accounts should be released and compensation made. Attorney General Shapira had also recommended compensation previously to calm what was seen as a potentially rebellious Arab front. However, the government made few compensation offers, and the modest sums were not considered fair by Palestinian landowners.

Settling the Jewish Population
An essential part of the strategy of claiming the land for the Jewish people was to literally settle the land. Palestinian homes in large cities such as Haifa, Jaffa, and Akka were quickly filled with new Jewish immigrants. Between 140,000 and 160,000 immigrants were settled in Arab homes in Jaffa, around 45,000 in downtown Haifa, and 40,000 in Akka (Segev, 1997, p.76). In several cases, homes were taken by individuals before any central allocation by Israeli bureaucracy, the Absorption Ministry. It was not poverty-stricken immigrants seizing homes, but the wealthy European Jewish elite. In upper-class Arab neighborhoods of West Jerusalem, homes were taken by Jews with senior governmental and institutional positions.

Regarding the depopulated Palestinian villages, towards the end of 1948, the Jewish Agency prepared a list of several dozen Arab villages that it proposed to repopulate. In August 1948, a government meeting was held in which the possibility for resettlement of 61 Arab villages was discussed. That meeting resulted in a decision to place Jewish residents in 31 villages initially.

Several international supporters of the Jewish state, including Martin Buber, expressed concern over the resettlement of Deir Yassin when the killing was very fresh in the minds of many people. Despite opposition, the village was repopulated straight away. Up to 350 villages were, in the end, reoccupied by Jewish Israelis. Settling Jewish villagers into old villages continued into the 1950s.

One of the most visibly shocking examples of the settlement of Jewish citizens in the homes of Palestinians is the old village of `Ayn Hawd. This village, close to Haifa, withstood a two-month siege, but was finally occupied mid-July 1948. The majority of villagers became refugees in the West Bank, Jordan, and as far as Iraq, but one family managed to remain in the hills a few kilometers from the village. Never allowed to return home, the villagers had to suffer the indignity of seeing a Jewish �artists colony� set up in their own homes in the early 1950s.
Jewish artists renovating Palestinian �Ayn Hawd in 1954
The villagers of `Ayn Hawd today are now at the forefront of the campaign to provide services and equal treatment to villages, like their own new village, that are officially unrecognized and neglected by the state, despite the residents� Israeli citizenship (see campaign Web site www.assoc40. org).

New settlements were placed strategically to prevent what the Israeli government labeled as �infiltration� ; in other words, the return of refugees who had fled from their homes in terror or had been forced out after the war. Kibbutz Yas�ur in Western Galilee for example, was established on the lands of Al-Birwa. The residents were moved to Majd Al-Kurum, Al-Makr and Jdeideh. Kibbutz Beit Ha�emek was established on the lands of Kuwaykat in Western Galilee. Moshav Zippori was built on the land of Saffuriyya.

Destruction of Villages: Case Study of Saffuriyya
Of 4,500 original inhabitants of this village outside Nazareth, only a few hundred remained after the July bombing and occupation and were initially granted Israeli ID cards recognizing Saffuriyya as their place of residence. Seven months after the original attack and occupation of Saffuriyya, the army came back to the village and threatened to kill those that remained. The Saffuriyya Heritage Association has registered the names of the heads of 86 families who were given ID cards. Locals believe that there were about 1,500 people residing in the village at this stage, but many had been sheltering elsewhere and had been given ID cards with other villages marked as their place of residence. Later on when they thought it safe, they returned to their original homes, believing they could remain. Many still hold these identity cards, proving that the Israeli government recognized at least some Palestinians as resident in Saffuriyya.

Ali Al-Azhari today lives in Jaffa. It was only in recent years that he lost his ID card, the only document that recorded his birthplace as Saffuriyya:
My father, Sheik Muhammad Abdel Majid Al-Azhari, a graduate of the University of Al-Azhar in Cairo, and a well-known religious authority, was recognized as such, and a sign saying �A Holy Place,� in three languages was placed on our house. Six months later, on January 7, 1949, when the fighting was over, came the expulsion order. It was quite unequivocal�anyone found in the village 48 hours later would be shot (Al-Azhari, 1996).

Despite these threats, many held their ground, so the Israeli military forced them onto trucks. Refugees were dumped in Nazareth and other villages close by. The village of Saffuriyya and its land were declared a military zone, mantiqa askariya. Only those with a permit could enter.
Saffuriyya with threshing floors in the foreground, 1931
� Khalidi, All That Remains, 1994
Although people were scattered throughout the neighboring villages, they �never ceased to demand the right to return to their homes and lands.� Families from Saffuriyya who had IDs with the village inscribed as their place of birth and residence grouped together to challenge their expulsion legally. Lawyer Ali Sharif Zoubi appealed to the High Court on their behalf, but in November 1951 the High Court of Justice turned down this petition on behalf of 86 villagers. The Minister of Defence and Military governor of the Northern District were required to state why the petitioners were not allowed home, and the High Court accepted the argument that Saffuriyya was within a �closed military zone.�
�However this did not prevent the construction of the Jewish village of Zippori at about that time, on the outskirts of Saffuriyya and on its lands,� Al-Azhari writes, originally to an Israeli Jewish public in an article published in Hebrew, in the Israeli daily Ma�ariv. He describes how his father sent letters (which he has kept) to many senior Israelis, from the Custodian of Absentee Property to Ben-Gurion himself, pleading that logic dictated that at least those with ID cards should be allowed to return.
The answer was not long in coming. It was three or four that morning, when the village of A-Reineh, where we were living at the time, woke to the sounds of mighty explosions from the direction of Saffuriyya, some five km away. Columns of smoke and dust rose to the heavens above Saffuriyya. In the evening came the news; there would never be a return (Al-Azhari, 1996).

Saffuriyya was not the only village to suffer this fate. Destruction of the village buildings and homes was a clear message from the Israeli government to the refugees that they would not be allowed to return.

Securing the Land as �Jewish�
During the 1950s the Israeli government worked on developing the new state law to further secure the land for the benefit of the Jewish people only. The concept of creating �Israeli Lands� meant securing the land not only for Jewish Israelis, but for all Jews across the world to claim at any point in the future, through exercising the Law of Return. Not only was land to be barred in perpetuity from Palestinian refugees, but it was specifically to be held in trust for the Jewish people.


The government enacted a series of laws that gave pre-state Zionist organizations such as the JNF, JA and WZO quasi-governmental powers.

To do this, the government enacted a series of laws that gave pre-state Zionist organizations such as the Jewish National Fund (JNF), the Jewish Agency (JA), and the World Zionist Organization (WZO) quasi-governmental powers. The 1953 Land Acquisition (Validity of Acts and Compensation) Law gave individual Israeli agencies increased powers in the development of land for settlement and �security� purposes, but also validated earlier actions retrospectively.

The JNF, for example, had been registered in the United Kingdom before 1948, and thus was a private foreign company. In 1953 it became a legal private Israeli company. In the 1954 covenant between the JNF and the state, the JNF was given the power to act for Jews, only, in any area of land under the jurisdiction of the Israeli government. In the case of the organization� s dissolution, the land (currently around 13% of 1948 conquered Israel) would be transferred to the government (Abu Hussein and McKay, 2003, p.151). The WZO and the JA were given similar powers in the World Zionist Organization� Jewish Agency (Status) Law of 1952 and the further covenant made between the JA and the government in 1958.
As mentioned previously, the state made use of the Mandatory Lands (Acquisition for Public Purposes) Ordinance of 1943 to seize land that had been registered as state land under the previous regime. This law continued to be implemented to expropriate land claimed to be for �public use.� However, this law is used for the building up of land for Jewish use only, as numerous cases demonstrate.

In a series of complicated laws and processes that ostensibly saw the land pass through the hands of numerous governmental and institutional agencies, the new Israeli government oversaw that the land belonging to Palestinians, both present and absent, came into the hands of the Jewish state largely for the use and under the control of the Jewish people. Specific directives ensured that in the early days, Jewish citizens could not lease land or employ Arabs to work on any land that had belonged to them, thus taking yet another step to distance refugees from their land.

Jewish villages were built in the place of Arab villages. You don�t even know the names of these Arab villages, and I don�t blame you, because these geography books no longer exist. Not only do the books not exist, the Arab villages are not there either. Nahlal arose in the place of Mahlul, Gevat in the place of Jibta, Sarid in the place of Haneifa, and Kfar-Yehoshua in the place of Tel-Shaman. There is not one single place built in this country that did not have a former Arab population.
� Moshe Dayan (Commander of Israeli forces in 1967, and later Defence Secretary) speaking in 1969

Law courts deemed it illegal to transfer ownership of �Israeli Lands� through sale, thus ensuring exclusive ownership by Jews.

Throughout the 1950s and 1960s the confiscation and legalization of land expropriation continued. Israeli government inspectors, on behalf of the Custodian, ardently pursued their goal of using the Absentees� Property Law to claim every inch of land possible. If a Palestinian landowner died, the Custodian would try to discover if any of the sons were absentees; if so, the Custodian would claim a stake in the inheritance. The Absentees� Property Law thus affected all Arab citizens in the Jewish state, not just those classed as �present absentees� but the family of �absentees.�

In 1960, Israel adopted two pieces of land legislation to define the status of �national land�: the Basic Law: Israel Lands and Israel Lands Law. These laws further isolated Palestinians in the eyes of Israeli law from their claims to the land, and further reinforced the role of the Jewish National Fund. Israeli law courts deemed that it is not possible to transfer the ownership of �Israeli Lands� through sale or any other means, and thus ensuring exclusive ownership by Jews. It is estimated that �Israeli Lands� represent 92 percent of the land declared Israel in 1948.

1956-57 Occupation of the Gaza Strip and Sinai
Jewish settlers making the most of Palestinian property in Dayr Al-Qasi, Acre district, 1949
Under the 1947 partition plan, the whole of the district of Gaza was to be in the Palestinian state, but in 1948, half of the Gaza district was seized as part of the new Jewish state. Following 1948, the population of the Gaza Strip trebled with the influx of landless refugees.

On October 29, 1956, the Israelis invaded the remaining part of the Gaza District, the part which is today known as the Gaza Strip. The area was held for four months before strong international pressure (American opposition being particularly significant) forced Israel to evacuate the area.

The original Israeli intention had been to hold on to the Strip at this time. The authorities had already begun to build railroads and other infrastructure, showing clear plans to remain. The whole of Gaza, as with the West Bank (of which there were also many raids on border lands), was considered an integral part of Israel to the Zionists.

Yet the Israelis knew it would not be an easy task. Ben-Gurion�s biographer described his horror when he visited the refugee camps in Gaza after the 1956 occupation (Masalha, 1997, pp.35-51). Seizing and remaining in control of the entire land of Palestine to the Jordan River would require not only defying international pressure, but occupying land that was far from empty, a task which Zionism continues to set itself today.


Zachary A. Othman

Source: Palestine in Focus

*****.*****

Daripada Abu Umarah iaitu al-Bara' bin 'Azib radhiallahu anhuma, katanya: "Kita semua diperintah oleh Rasulullah s.a.w. untuk melakukan tujuh perkara, iaitu meninjau orang sakit, mengikuti janazah, menentasymitkan orang yang bersin, menolong orang yang lemah, membantu orang yang teraniaya, meratakan salam dan melaksanakan sumpah."

(Muttafaq 'alaih)