Monday, February 11, 2008

Afghanistan 'Jatuh ke tangan Taliban'

"ust" ust_siber@yahoo.com

Aku berlindung dengan Allah daripada syaitan yang direjam

Dengan nama Allah, Maha Pemurah Maha Penyayang
[2.246] Tidakkah engkau ketahui (wahai muhammad), tentang (kisah) ketua-ketua dari Bani lsrail sesudah (wafatnya) Nabi Musa, ketika mereka berkata kepada seorang Nabi mereka: "Lantiklah seorang raja untuk kamu, supaya boleh kami berperang (bersama-sama dengannya) pada jalan Allah" Nabi mereka menjawab: "Tidakkah harus, jika kamu kelak diwajibkan berperang, kamu tidak akan berperang?," Mereka berkata: "Mengapa pula kami tidak akan berperang pada jalan Allah, sedang kami telah diusir dari kampung halaman kami, dan (dari) anak-anak kami?" Maka apabila perang itu diwajibkan atas mereka, mereka membelakangkan kewajipan itu, kecuali sebahagian kecil dari mereka. Dan (ingatlah), Allah Maha Mengetahui akan orang-orang yang zalim.
[2.247] Dan Nabi mereka pula berkata kepada mereka: "Bahawasanya Allah telah melantik Talut menjadi raja bagi kamu. Mereka menjawab: "Bagaimana dia mendapat kuasa memerintah kami sedang kami lebih berhak dengan kuasa pemerintahan itu daripadanya, dan ia pula tidak diberi keluasan harta kekayaan?" Nabi mereka berkata:" Sesungguhnya Allah telah memilihnya (Talut) menjadi raja kamu, dan telah mengurniakannya kelebihan dalam lapangan ilmu pengetahuan dan kegagahan tubuh badan". Dan (ingatlah), Allah jualah yang memberikan kuasa pemerintahan kepada sesiapa yang dikehendakiNya; dan Allah Maha Luas (rahmatNya dan pengurniaanNya) , lagi meliputi ilmuNya.
[2.248] Dan Nabi mereka, berkata lagi kepada mereka: "Sesungguhnya tanda kerajaan Talut itu (yang menunjukkan benarnya dari Allah) ialah datangnya kepada kamu peti Tabut yang mengandungi (sesuatu yang memberi) ketenteraman jiwa dari Tuhan kamu, dan (berisi) sebahagian dari apa yang telah ditinggalkan oleh keluarga Nabi-nabi Musa dan Harun; peti Tabut itu dibawa oleh malaikat. Sesungguhnya peristiwa kembalinya Tabut itu mengandungi satu tanda keterangan bagi kamu jika betul kamu orang-orang yang beriman".
[2.249] Kemudian apabila Talut keluar bersama-sama tenteranya, berkatalah ia: "Sesungguhnya Allah akan menguji kamu dengan sebatang sungai, oleh itu sesiapa di antara kamu yang meminum airnya maka bukanlah ia dari pengikutku, dan sesiapa yang tidak merasai airnya maka sesungguhnya ia dari pengikutku, kecuali orang yang menceduk satu cedukan dengan tangannya". (Sesudah diingatkan demikian) mereka meminum juga dari sungai itu (dengan sepuas-puasnya) , kecuali sebahagian kecil dari mereka. Setelah Talut bersama-sama orang-orang yang beriman menyeberangi sungai itu, berkatalah orang-orang yang meminum (sepuas-puasnya) : "Kami pada hari ini tidak terdaya menentang Jalut dan tenteranya". Berkata pula orang-orang yang yakin bahawa mereka akan menemui Allah: "Berapa banyak (yang pernah terjadi), golongan yang sedikit berjaya menewaskan golongan yang banyak dengan izin Allah; dan Allah (sentiasa) bersama-sama orang-orang yang sabar".
[2.250] Dan apabila mereka (yang beriman itu) keluar menentang Jalut dan tenteranya, mereka berdoa dengan berkata: "Wahai Tuhan kami! Limpahkanlah sabar kepada kami, dan teguhkanlah tapak pendirian kami serta menangkanlah kami terhadap kaum yang kafir"
[2.251] Oleh sebab itu, mereka dapat mengalahkan tentera Jalut dengan izin Allah, dan Nabi Daud (yang turut serta dalam tentera Talut) membunuh Jalut. Dan (sesudah itu) Allah memberikan kepadanya (Nabi Daud) kuasa pemerintahan, dan hikmat (pangkat kenabian) serta diajarkannya apa yang dikehendakiNya. Dan kalaulah Allah tidak menolak setengah manusia (yang ingkar dan derhaka) dengan setengahnya yang lain (yang beriman dan setia) nescaya rosak binasalah bumi ini; akan tetapi Allah sentiasa melimpah kurniaNya kepada sekalian alam.
[2.252] Itulah ayat-ayat keterangan Allah yang kami bacakan dia kepadamu (wahai Muhammad) dengan benar; dan sesungguhnya engkau adalah salah seorang dari Rasul-rasul (yang diutuskan oleh) Allah.
SodaqAllahul' Adzim

Afghanistan 'falling into hands of Taliban'

� Frontline getting closer to Kabul, says thinktank
� Aid not going to those who need it most, warns Oxfam

Richard Norton-Taylor
Thursday November 22, 2007
The Guardian


The Taliban has a permanent presence in 54% of Afghanistan and the country is in serious danger of falling into Taliban hands, according to a report by an independent thinktank with long experience in the area.

Despite tens of thousands of Nato-led troops and billions of dollars in aid poured into the country, the insurgents, driven out by the American invasion in 2001, now control "vast swaths of unchallenged territory, including rural areas, some district centres, and important road arteries", the Senlis Council says in a report released yesterday.

On the basis of what it calls exclusive research, it warns that the insurgency is also exercising a "significant amount of psychological control, gaining more and more political legitimacy in the minds of the Afghan people who have a long history of shifting alliances and regime change".

It says the territory controlled by the Taliban has increased and the frontline is getting closer to Kabul - a warning echoed by the UN which says more and more of the country is becoming a "no go" area for western aid and development workers.

The council goes as far as to state: "It is a sad indictment of the current state of Afghanistan that the question now appears to be not if the Taliban will return to Kabul, but when ... and in what form. The oft-stated aim of reaching the city in 2008 appears more viable than ever and it is incumbent upon the international community to implement a new strategic paradigm before time runs out."

Its 110-page report coincides with an equally severe warning from Oxfam. In a report for the House of Commons International Development Committee the humanitarian and aid agency warns that the security situation in Afghanistan is deteriorating significantly with the country's problems exacerbated by corruption in central and local government.

Senior British and US military commanders privately agree despite their public emphasis on short-term successes against Taliban fighters.

The insurgency is divided into a largely poverty-driven "grassroots" component and a concentrated group of "hard-core militant Islamists", says the Senlis Council, which has an office in Kabul and field researchers based in Helmand and Kandahar provinces in southern Afghanistan.

It says that the Nato-led International Security Force of some 40,000 troops should be at least doubled and include forces from Muslim countries as well as Nato states which have refused to send troops to the country.

There is no sign of any move within Nato to send reinforcements to Afghanistan.

While western governments, like the Senlis Council and Oxfam, are increasingly concerned about the lack of effectiveness of President Hamid Karzai's government, there is no agreement about how to solve the problems.

Oxfam warns that urgent action is needed to avert humanitarian disaster in Afghanistan where millions face "severe hardship comparable with sub-Saharan Africa". Though the country has received more than $15bn (�7.5bn) in aid since 2001, the money is not getting to projects which could lead to sustained improvements in people's lives, says Oxfam.

It adds that at least 1,200 civilians have been killed so far this year, half in operations by international or Afghan forces. It notes there are four times as many air strikes by international forces in Afghanistan than in Iraq.

The Senlis Council wants Nato forces, and their Provincial Reconstruction Teams, to take on a bigger role distributing aid and Oxfam says the military should stick to providing security.

More than half of Afghanistan 'under Taliban'

By Kim Sengupta
22 November 2007
Independent

More than half of Afghanistan is back under Taliban control and the Nato force in the country needs to be doubled in size to cope with the resurgent group, a report by the Senlis Council think-tank says. A study by the group found that the Taliban, enriched by illicit profits from the country's record poppy harvest, had formed de-facto governments in swathes of the southern Pashtun belt.

The Afghan government and its Nato allies strongly deny the Senlis version of what is taking place in the country and say the extent of alleged Taliban control � 54 per cent � is a major exaggeration. In particular, British troops in Helmand have, in recent months, recovered territory lost to the Islamist group.

But senior defence sources say that a lack of frontline combat forces has meant that areas clawed back from the Taliban often cannot be held and have to be retaken after costly and fierce fighting. There is also an acknowledgement that the dangers on the ground have meant that aid efforts are being stymied.

The Senlis Council made a name for itself by advocating that Afghan opium, which supplies 93 per cent of the world market, should be regulated and produced for medicinal purposes. The organisation had been regarded in the past as very much a fringe body with unrealistic policies.

But it has recently begun to hold seminars with influential think-tanks such as the International institute for Strategic Studies (IISS), which are attended by senior diplomats and military commanders. Last month, the European Parliament passed a motion urging the production of opium for medicine on an experimental basis by a sizeable majority.

Yesterday's Senlis dossier coincided with an Oxfam report saying that Afghanistan is facing a humanitarian crisis in which millions face "severe hardship comparable with sub-Saharan Africa". It highlights the fact that US spending on aid in the country, $4.4bn since 2002, was only a fraction of its military expenditure of $35bn in 2007 alone.

"As in Iraq, too much aid is absorbed by profits of companies and subcontractors, on non-Afghan resources and on high expatriate salaries and living costs," said the report. "Each full-time expatriate consultant costs up to half a million dollars a year."

Meanwhile, Louise Arbour, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, said civilian casualties caused by military action has reached "alarming levels" this year. "These not only breach international law but are eroding support among the Afghan community for the government and international military presence, as well as public support in contributing states for continued engagement in Afghanistan, " she said.

The Senlis report, while accepting that "collateral damage"' has led to alienation among the population, maintains that the Nato force needs to be doubled in size, from 40,000 to 80,000, and some contributing nations should remove caveats which prevent their troops from taking part in frontline duties. It also urged Nato to invite Muslim countries to contribute to the Afghan force.

Norine MacDonald QC, the president of the Senlis Council, said: "The security situation has reached crisis proportions. The insurgency now controls vast swathes of unchallenged territory including rural areas, border areas, some district centres, and important road arteries.

"The disturbing conclusion is that despite a universal desire to 'succeed' in Afghanistan, the country is in grave danger of becoming a divided state. The Taliban are the de facto authority in significant portions of territory in the south. Exploiting public frustration over poverty and inflammatory US-led counter narcotics policies, the Taliban are gaining increasing political legitimacy in the minds of the Afghan people."


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Daripada Abu Umarah iaitu al-Bara' bin 'Azib radhiallahu anhuma, katanya: "Kita semua diperintah oleh Rasulullah s.a.w. untuk melakukan tujuh perkara, iaitu meninjau orang sakit, mengikuti janazah, menentasymitkan orang yang bersin, menolong orang yang lemah, membantu orang yang teraniaya, meratakan salam dan melaksanakan sumpah."

(Muttafaq 'alaih)

Ini adalah salah satu dari berbagai riwayat Imam Bukhari.
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